Revise the history of China, to glorify Xi Jinping

Xi Jinping’s willingness to expand his formidable power for years to come reached a new high on Tuesday, when the Chinese Communist Part...


Xi Jinping’s willingness to expand his formidable power for years to come reached a new high on Tuesday, when the Chinese Communist Party released an resolution on history who elects him as one of his revered leaders, hours after Xi had video interviews with President Biden.

Senior party officials approved the resolution last week, when some of its main points were published in an official summary of their meeting. But the government only belatedly released the full document, the third summary in 100-year history of the Chinese Communist Party. Academics, investors and government analysts will analyze the resolution for what it reveals about Xi’s worldview and intentions. Here are some first points to remember.

The implications of the Chinese Communist Party’s jargon-riddled speeches and documents can sometimes be elusive. Not this time.

A chorus of official speeches and editorials stressed that the resolution had one primary purpose: to consolidate Mr. Xi’s status as a transformational leader essential to securing China’s rise.

About two-thirds of the document is devoted to Mr. Xi’s nine years in power and the changes he made in politics, economics, foreign policy, and other areas. Mr. Xi’s name appears 22 times in the resolution; Mao Zedong gets 18 mentions and Deng Xiaoping six. Xi’s immediate predecessor, Hu Jintao – in power for a decade – receives a commendation.

As is the case in Chinese politics, Mr. Xi’s rise has already his own slogan inscribed in the resolution: “The two establishments” (“Liang ge queli”) – that is, to establish Mr. Xi as the “central” leader of China and to make his ideas the basic official doctrine of the China. Party cadres have repeated the slogan speech after speech since the Central Committee approved the decision last week.

Those in charge must show “absolute loyalty to the nucleus, resolutely defend the nucleus, closely and constantly monitor the nucleus,” the Minister said. official report of a meeting about the resolution in Shandong province, east China.

Mr. Xi was already powerful before the landmark resolution, but the document appears intended to propel him into a new phase of influence ahead of a Communist Party convention next year. This congress is likely to give Xi a third five-year term as party leader, breaking with the two-term model that emerged under his predecessors. It will also add political urgency to its political priorities, including a “common prosperity” agenda to curb economic inequality, as well as efforts to strengthen China’s local technological capabilities.

The historic resolution places him in the party firmament of the leaders who define the era, alongside Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping. Mao led China to stand up against oppression; Deng led him to prosperity; and now Mr. Xi is leading him to strength – so goes the three-step description of China’s rise repeated in the resolution.

Assessing Deng’s legacy posed a tricky problem for Xi: If Deng and his hand-picked successors – Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao – were so successful, what justified the a sharp turn towards more centralized authoritarian control that Mr. Xi has overseen? On the flip side, Mr. Xi’s claims to be an economic reformer might suffer if he disparages Deng, who is still widely revered in China.

The resolution praises the Deng era for triggering China’s economic growth, and also defends Deng’s decision to use armed force to crush pro-democracy protests which spread throughout China in 1989. “Reform and opening up were a crucial step in determining the fate of contemporary China,” he said.

Yet the resolution also bluntly asserts that problems accumulated before 2012, when Xi came to power: corruption, political indiscipline and lack of confidence in the party, as well as broader issues such as industrial pollution. and inefficient growth. His immediate predecessors, he suggests, had let matters drift.

“The external environment brought many new dangers and challenges,” said the resolution in the time before Xi took office. Inside the Communist Party, he adds, corruption was spreading. “Some party members and officials have experienced serious crises in their political faith. “

Confronting Mao’s legacy also presented potential pitfalls. Under Mr. Xi, the party has stepped up censorship to defend Mao from criticism. The authorities have cut back on research and teaching on the disastrous decades of Mao’s rule. But going too far in Mao’s defense could also be risky.

Xi has faced criticism that his hard-line campaigns against political disloyalty risk reviving parts of China’s Maoist past. Mr. Xi has shown no interest in unleashing unruly Mao-style mass campaigns, so he tried to acknowledge Mao’s excesses while firmly defending Mao’s overall record.

The resolution praises Mao as the founder of the People’s Republic and credits him with creating a new China, free from foreign imperialism. It only devotes one paragraph to the outline to sum up the worst calamities of Mao’s era, including the Great Leap Forward, the attempt to push China towards communism which ended in mass starvation. , and the Cultural Revolution, when fighting and purges rocked the country.

“Although there have been serious setbacks in exploration” under Mao, the resolution says, China has recorded “massive achievements.”

The resolution shows no hint that Mr. Xi has admitted missteps during his nine years in office. Rather, much of the resolution describes its successes in eradicating corruption, reducing poverty, and eliminating political opposition to the Communist Party government in mainland China, as well as in Hong Kong.

Before Xi took office, the resolution said, “China’s ability to protect its national security was lacking.”

The resolution also fails to echo criticism by foreign politicians that China’s brutal and muscular diplomacy has unnecessarily annoyed other countries. The resolution says Xi has broadened China’s international circle of friends and influence. But he warns that the party must stand firm to face the dangers ahead.

“A constant retreat will only bring bullying from those who take over land if you give a thumbs up,” the resolution says. “Making concessions to achieve our ends will only drag us into more humiliating straits.”

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Newsrust - US Top News: Revise the history of China, to glorify Xi Jinping
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