Anti-Nobel sentiment engenders alternative rewards over time

Choosing a Nobel Prize of Peace The recipient has often been viewed by autocratic governments as a provocative and hostile act, especia...


Choosing a Nobel Prize of Peace The recipient has often been viewed by autocratic governments as a provocative and hostile act, especially when the winner is a political opponent, defender of free speech or an agitator for greater freedoms. Some authoritarian countries have even created their own anti-Nobel prizes.

The best-known recent example is the creation in 2010 of the Confucius Peace Prize in China, named after the revered Chinese sage of the 6th and 5th centuries BC. Nobel Prize of Peace that year, which was awarded to Liu Xiaobo, a prominent dissident and author imprisoned by the Chinese Communist authorities for subversion.

The first Confucius Prize ceremony was scheduled to coincide with the Nobel Prize ceremony in Oslo, Norway, to which Mr. Liu, who was imprisoned, and his wife, who was under house arrest, had not been allowed to attend. Even though Confucius Prize officials said the creation of their prize had nothing to do with the Nobel Prize, a booklet distributed during their ceremony stated: “China is a symbol of peace” and “Norway is just a small country with a scarce area and population”.

The Confucius Prize appears to have been organized so hastily that the winner, a Taiwanese politician who advocated strengthening ties with mainland China, didn’t even know he had won.

Another well-known example of anti-Nobel retribution came after Carl von Ossietzky, a German journalist and pacifist who opposed the Nazis, was received the Nobel Prize in 1935, in what was widely seen as a worldwide repudiation of Adolf Hitler and everything he stood for.

Hitler not only prohibited Mr. Von Ossietzky from accepting the prize, but he also prohibited any German from accepting a Nobel Prize in any category. Instead, he created the German National Prize for Art and Science, an annual award given to three German citizens. The prize was dissolved when World War II began in 1939.

The awards given to criticism of the Nobel Prizes have also come from the opposing political leadership – activists who say they need to be broadened to better reflect a wider range of achievements in the fields of justice, education and justice. social change. A well-known example is the Right Livelihood Award, sometimes called the “Alternative Nobel”, created in 1980 by Jakob von Uexküll, a German-Baltic writer and philanthropist.

According to the Right Livelihood Award website, Mr. Von Uexküll first proposed two additional Nobel Prizes to the Nobel Foundation, one for environmental work and the other for the promotion of knowledge. When the foundation rejected the proposal, he created a prize himself, selling his stamp collection to initially fund the prize money.

Right Livelihood Laureates cover a wide range of social activists and others from over 50 countries. This year’s winners, announced on September 29, came from Cameroon, Russia, Canada and India.

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Newsrust - US Top News: Anti-Nobel sentiment engenders alternative rewards over time
Anti-Nobel sentiment engenders alternative rewards over time
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