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Belarusians seek justice for brutal beatings by riot police | World news


Pavel Daroshka was one of thousands of Belarusians to be arrested by riot police on the thinnest of pretexts last week, and then fall into a nightmare of brutal and demeaning violence.

Now, he is determined to at least try to bring the men who beat him to justice, however unlikely it might be while President Alexander Lukashenko remains in charge of the country.

“It’s not about getting anything financial, it’s about making the people who did all of this have to pay a price,” said Daroshka, in an interview at a hospital outside Minsk, where he was still recovering from his injuries, including concussion and severe bruising, several days after his release.

As stories of abuse, beatings and torture continue to emerge, many of the more than 7,000 people to be detained in the aftermath of Lukashenko’s rigged election win last week are considering their options for legal redress.

Valiantsin Stefanovich of Viasna, a Belarusian human rights organisation, said the group has received more than 200 requests for legal help due to torture, both from victims who visited their offices to document extralegal violence, and from online submissions.





Pavel Daroshka, 32, was arrested and beaten by riot police.



Pavel Daroshka, 32, was arrested and beaten by riot police. Photograph: c/o Pavel Daroshka

“A lot of people say, ‘I want to tell my story to the world, everyone needs to know what happened here in Belarus.’ Others want justice … They want these people to be punished for what they did to them.”

Daroshka, 32, the technical director of an energy infrastructure company, decided immediately that he wanted to press charges over his ordeal.

Shortly after midnight on Wednesday, he was driving three friends home from dinner in Minsk, when riot police in balaclavas stopped the car at a deserted intersection and ordered all four to get out of the car. Screaming abuse and pointing weapons at them, the police demanded that they unlock their mobile phones and show the photograph galleries.

None of the four had attended the protests of the previous nights, but one friend had photographed some protesters from the car. The discovery of that photograph was enough of a pretext for the riot police to shove all four to the ground and tie their hands with plastic wire.

They were then pushed into a police van that already had numerous people in it, most of them lying on the floor. “There were bodies everywhere and people screaming that they couldn’t breathe. The police kicked me towards these people and I had to step on them to get to a bit of space,” said Daroshka. Police also cut off the long hair of one his friends, with a knife.

He was transferred between police vans two more times, each time violently, and later arrived at the now-notorious Okrestina prison, where he was forced to remain still in various stress positions. If anyone moved even slightly, guards would beat them repeatedly with batons. When Daroshka complained he was feeling dizzy, a guard pulled him by the hair and shoved him to the ground, where he was beaten again.





People gather at a detention centre in Minsk, Belarus



People gather at a detention centre in Minsk, Belarus, after reports of police violence provoked widespread anger. Photograph: Sergei Grits/AP

Andrei Vershenia, 36, a driver who was also held at Okrestina at the same time, said he was forced to shout, “Glory to the riot police” and sing the Belarusian national anthem while being beaten. “The sound of everyone screaming was awful, it was like the sound of a pig being slaughtered,” he said.

Both men were later taken away from the prison by ambulance and admitted to hospital, in Daroshka’s case because he had been hit on the head with batons and began to lose consciousness. He was eventually released from hospital on Tuesday, and still has no information about his car, which was left unlocked in the street after his arrest.

Daroshka has hired a lawyer and filed a claim over the injuries he sustained, but when an investigator came to take his testimony in the hospital last Thursday, it seemed she was treating him as a suspect rather than a victim.

“She was asking me what messaging apps I used on my phone, what my political views were, and nothing about the beating,” he said. He called his lawyer, who advised him to stop the conversation immediately. Vershenia said he had a similar experience with the same investigator.

The next day, the investigator returned and this time did listen to his story in detail, but Daroshka is not optimistic of achieving justice. He said: “It was clear from her eyes that she understood everything and even had a few tears, but she’s part of the system, it’s clear she has her orders.”

Born in August 1954 in Kopys, Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko has served as president of Belarus since the establishment of the office in July 1994. On his initial election, Lukashenko set about establishing an effective dictatorship, sustained by shamelessly rigged elections. 

Over the years, Lukashenko has offered his people a sort of Soviet-lite system that prizes tractor production and grain harvests over innovation and political freedoms, and the key part of his political offer has always been political and economic stability. 

Lukashenko tried to push this line again into the run-up to 2020’s disputed presidential vote, painting Belarus as an island of stability in a world buffeted by economic crises, political unrest and coronavirus. But the scale of discontent has shown that for many Belarusians, this messaging will no longer work.

The 2020 elections have been described as the deepest crisis he has faced in his career, and in order to secure his supposedly crushing victory, Lukashenko required what appears to be some of the most brazen vote-rigging in recent European history. He appears to have subsequently forced his main opponent, Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, into exile.

After the election, in a congratulatory message, Vladimir Putin urged Lukashenko to consider further economic and legal integration with Russia, which the opposition has warned would undermine Belarus’s sovereignty.

The man sometimes described as “Europe’s last dictator” may have engineered a sixth term in office, but the balance of power has shifted away from him in a way few would have thought possible even a month ago.


Photograph: Sergei Grits/AP

Some other victims have not sought legal advice, either because they want to move on from the ordeal, or out of fear.

“People are broken, afraid to leave the house even to the doctor’s, afraid to apply to the prosecutor’s office or the investigative committee about the beatings,” said Ekaterina Zheltonoga, a lawyer whose firm has received dozens of complaints.

A new website, probono.by, helps connect victims to lawyers and psychologists willing to help, as well as sharing registries of those who were detained and the more than 50 people who are still registered as missing. “Lots of people want to help. All the country wants to help each other,” said one organiser, a startup lawyer, who asked not to be identified to protect her safety.

Lukashenko on Tuesday gave awards to 300 people, including those directly in charge of the structures that carried out the violence last week, making it even more unlikely that any investigation will be impartial as long as the current president remains in control.

“We need to have political will for that. And I hope we will have this political will very soon,” said Stefanovich. He added that Viasna plans to appeal to the UN Committee Against Torture, believing that the brutality meets the criteria of being “systematic and massive” for the UN to open an investigation.

“The UN can’t put Lukashenko into prison, unfortunately. But they can say please don’t do that anymore. Unfortunately, this is all we can do.”

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