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Guido Badano, Officer in the Andrea Doria Crash, Dies at 92

Upon reaching the Andrea Doria’s bridge moments after the collision, Mr. Badano checked the chart room to determine its exact location while Captain Calamai dictated a distress message for the ship’s radio operator to transmit: “Need Immediate Assistance.”

Mr. Badano made an announcement over the loudspeaker, first in Italian and then in English, instructing passengers to go to the muster stations designated for them during an earlier life jacket drill.

As the Andrea Doria’s list grew more severe, it became clear that it could not survive, and passengers boarded lifeboats. Mr. Badano relayed a message from the captain to the Italian Line offices in New York and Genoa telling of the disaster.

Ships responding to the S.O.S. picked up passengers, along with crew members not involved in seamanship duties. Many of them boarded the ocean liner Île de France, which had been bound for Europe but turned around to come to the Andrea Doria’s aid. But 43 passengers died — in the wreckage of their cabins, or perhaps when they were swept into the sea at the moment of impact — and three others died shortly after the collision.

The Stockholm incurred a gash in its bow, where crewmen were housed, and five Stockholm seamen died in the crash. But it picked up some of the Andrea Doria survivors and crew and limped back to New York.

Both the Andrea Doria and the Stockholm had radar, but there was little visibility at the time of the collision and they were in heavily traveled shipping lines. The Italian Line and Swedish American Line sued each other for damages. Those actions and lawsuits brought by passengers against the two lines were consolidated into a single proceeding before a federal judge in Manhattan. But settlements were reached without a judicial verdict on responsibility for the collision.

Mr. Badano’s survivors include his daughter, Marica.

Captain Calamai died at his home in Genoa in April 1972 at 75.

“He was an old-school gentleman, ambitious but modest, almost shy,” Mr. Badano later remembered. “The day of the Andrea Doria disaster began his long agony. He lived with his family in Genoa, but he was like a ghost. He died asking if the passengers had been saved.”

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