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Your Wednesday Briefing - The New York Times

For the first time in the months of intense protests in Hong Kong, a police officer shot a protester on Tuesday, hours after China’s highly choreographed National Day celebrations concluded in Beijing.

A spokeswoman for the Hong Kong police said the 18-year-old protester had been shot in his left shoulder but was conscious as he was taken to the hospital.

Details: Video footage of the shooting shows that the protester first seen joining a black-clad mob who tackle and beat a riot officer with what appear to be metal pipes.

At one point, the protester approaches a second police officer, who is standing nearby with his handgun drawn. After the protester hits the second officer with the pipe, the officer fires at point-blank range.

How did it come to this? The democracy protests that have rocked Hong Kong for months started off as peaceful marches against an unpopular bill and quickly morphed into violent clashes. Here’s how the movement evolved.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government banned exports of onions and implemented strict limits on hoarding this week, in an attempt to try to bring down prices sent sky-high by a shortage of the dietary staple caused by drought and then monsoon rains.

Impact: The temporary fixes have already softened the impact of the shortage on consumers. But as prices have begun to fall, Indian farmers are feeling the strain.

Mr. Modi’s decision will also have a ripple effect on neighboring countries where onions imported from India are also integral to meals. In Bangladesh, onion prices jumped 700 percent in recent months, doubling in the past week alone. In Nepal, people are hunkering down for an onion crisis.

Takeaway: Mr. Modi’s drastic decision reveals that the economy is still his biggest vulnerability and, with a slew of Hindu festivals coming up, the government is under increased pressure to control the prices of staples.

Business move: Ford Motor, which has been suffering losses in India, said that it would put most of its operations there into a joint venture to be headed by Mahindra & Mahindra.

A long-stalled dialogue over the North’s nuclear weapons program will start back up this weekend, officials from both countries said on Tuesday.

North Korean officials have repeatedly indicated their willingness to resume talks, especially after the ouster of John Bolton, President Trump’s hawkish national security adviser. Mr. Trump has suggested that he would use a “new method” in negotiations.

Background: North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un, committed to “work toward complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula” after a summit meeting with Mr. Trump last year. Subsequent talks quickly stalled, and a second meeting between the two leaders in February ended without a deal.

Related: In his first public comments since leaving the White House less than a month ago, Mr. Bolton criticized the U.S. courtship of North Korea, without naming Mr. Trump.

There are people who do not like Gwyneth Paltrow — the fact that she named her first child after an orchard fruit (Apple) or her Goop lifestyle brand or her affluence.

But our critic at large Wesley Morris argues that she is “the very last generation of movie performers” — including Marion Cotillard and Cate Blanchett, Kate Winslet and Nicole Kidman — “for whom stardom and skill seem scarily, thrillingly natural.”

And he ponders the role Harvey Weinstein may have played in her losing the taste for performance.

Harvard: A federal judge ruled that the university’s admissions system doesn’t discriminate against Asian-Americans, rejecting the argument that affirmative action was being used as a weapon against some races and a boon to others.

Taiwan: At least a dozen people were wounded and some were missing after a bridge in a fishing village collapsed, sending an oil tanker truck that was crossing it crashing onto the boats below.

Nepal: The speaker of the country’s lower house of Parliament resigned after a parliamentary employee accused him of raping her on Sunday in her apartment in Kathmandu, the capital. He has denied the allegation.

Britain: In a setback for Brexit negotiations, the Irish government and European Union officials rejected a set of informal proposals about how to resolve the impasse over the Irish border — including a leaked plan to create customs sites or zones to check goods on both sides of the border.

Global economy: The World Trade Organization slashed its forecast for trade growth for the year to 1.2 percent, down from a 2.6 percent pace of growth anticipated in April, citing a weakening world economy, President Trump’s trade war and a potentially tumultuous Brexit. One sign: German manufacturing has plunged because China is buying less German equipment.

Watch: The opening shot of “The Irishman,” Martin Scorsese’s latest crime story, evokes a canonical sequence from “Goodfellas” and turns it inside out.

Read: Ian McEwan’s slim new novel, “The Cockroach,” reverses Kafka. It’s about a cockroach that wakes up in the body of a man — who happens to be the prime minister of the United Kingdom.

Smarter Living: Leaving home without a wallet is not the cause for panic it once was — for many daily expenses, a smartphone is all you need. Beyond using Apple Pay and Google Pay at the register, plenty of restaurants and coffee shops let you order and pay through their apps (and skip the line). Some banks can even connect to your phone for A.T.M. withdrawals, for those times when you need good old-fashioned cash.

Are you committed to working out but pinched for time? Try our scientific seven-minute workout. (And thanks to our reader Cathy Leiber from Blandon, Penn., who suggested we include it.)

Today, the word impeachment is associated with the most powerful public officials, but the Latin word it evolved from, impedicare (meaning “to fetter, to fix shackles on the feet; to hinder”) evokes a prisoner.

Old French turned it into empechier, from which sprang the Middle English empechen, meaning to physically hinder something (“an impeached ship”) as well as to bring a formal accusation.

The first recorded use of impeachment in the English Parliament occurred in 1376 with the removal of the corrupt Lord Latimer. Having created other levers of accountability, Parliament held its last impeachment in 1806 and now considers impeachment obsolete.

But the term had already been written into the U.S. Constitution. Benjamin Franklin advocated for its inclusion because he feared that the alternative to the legal removal of a corrupt official would be assassination.

The U.S. Congress first held an impeachment in 1797 with the trial of William Blount, which was, until now, its only impeachment inquiry to involve foreign policy.

That’s it for this briefing. See you next time.

— Alisha

Tuesday’s Back Story about Eunice Newton Foote, who in 1856 demonstrated that carbon dioxide could warm Earth’s atmosphere, incorrectly identified the scientist who advanced her work. John Tyndell was Irish, not British.

Thank you
To Mark Josephson and Eleanor Stanford for the break from the news. Will Dudding, an assistant in the Standards Department, wrote today’s Back Story. You can reach the team at briefing@nytimes.com.

• We’re listening to “The Daily.” Our latest episode is about Republicans and the impeachment inquiry.
• Here’s our Mini Crossword, and a clue: Tree with acorns (three letters). You can find all our puzzles here.
• The Times is expanding its best-seller lists, and will now track Mass Market Paperbacks and Graphic Books. There will also be two new monthly children’s lists.

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